Pineapple is one of the types of fruits that have a beautiful shape and a good taste, especially sweet ones. It has spread from some regions of the American continent and the Caribbean to Europe and the countries of the world, especially Southeast Asia, where it is abundant and many people depend on it. And because it is one of the types of fruit that grows in the tropics and is generally popular and expensive, people have used its symbol to express feelings of hostility and friendship for many years. Its shape has long been used to create buildings and make all kinds of goods. Like many types of fruit, it is used fresh, cooked, and juiced.
While many useful materials are produced from it, it is used in various types of dishes, whether it be a main dish or an elegant dessert. Despite its wide spread in the years after World War II, this good fruit is still unknown and rare in many poor countries. The origin of the plant itself goes back to Brazil and Paraguay, from where it spread to the countries of the Caribbean and South America, especially what is known as the “Andes”. Christopher Columbus is said to have brought the good plant from the island of Guadalupe (which Charles Darwin visited) during his voyages of exploration from the Americas to Europe in 1493. The Spanish introduced the pineapple to the Philippines, Hawaii and Zimbabwe in the early 19th century, where the first attempts to collect them on a large scale around the world began. purely commercial purposes. In this context, the free encyclopedia says that European countries began to exploit pineapple on a large scale in 1720, especially the types of “Red Spanish”, “Hello” and “Natal Queen”. It seems that its introduction to the island of Hawaii in 1813 contributed to the start of its industrial and canned production in abundance, along with the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The companies “Del Monte” and “Dole” contributed, which are characterized by producing and distributing pineapple on a large scale. The available information indicates that the shape of the pineapple symbolized the hostility between the peoples of the Caribbean, and placing a pineapple at the entrance of the town in some Latin American and Central American towns meant that they received the Spanish soldiers and did not want to harm them. to them. This symbol moved to Europe later and also to North America, where placing a wooden pineapple sculpture at the entrance to farms has become a regular tradition. King Charles V of Spain is said to have been the first to taste this good fruit in Europe and despite its pungent, harsh or sour taste at the time, pineapple cultivation began in abundance in 1642 at the behest of King Charles. from England. II, who loved him very much. The King of France, Louis XV, also contributed to its dissemination, since he asked his assistants to plant it in the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. But Louis XV cut his lip when he tried to eat a pineapple with its skin on. And La Cour, a French merchant in the early 18th century, first successfully planted the pineapple plant in “glass houses.” This strange fruit was one of the most expensive types of fruit in Europe in the mid-18th century due to the cost of its cultivation and exploitation. Pineapple maintained its internationally high price until the end of World War II, and more correctly after the 1970s.
Sailors around the world have always carried a pineapple with them during their travels and long voyages to treat some serious illnesses, and the pineapple at home meant the sailor’s return to his family safe and ready to see and receive visitors. In the United States, many families used to put a pineapple in the middle of the dining table because of its beautiful shape, especially during meals related to religious and other celebrations. Other families used to eat it after the meal from time to time. Although it was sometimes used to express welcome and sometimes hostility, visitors slept in the room with the pineapple symbol. In the past, pineapple symbols were widespread throughout, and some of the new European settlers in America from the Carolinas, Georgia, and Virginia in the early 19th century named their people “Pine Apple” in honor of good plant whose trees gave their people a special beauty and brought them wealth. That is why it was called at that time “Amistad”, which means “friendship”. People in the southern states still use the symbols of the pineapple in the making of pots and wooden trays. The symbol was also widely used in municipal embroideries in many regions, especially those stuck to walls and used as covers for dining room tables. And people everywhere still use the symbol and shape of the pineapple in the manufacture of glass, the coloring of towels, the manufacture of “handles” for doors, mailboxes and many other products. The origin of the name pineapple in English “pineapple” apparently goes back to the word “pine cone”, which means “pine cone”, due to the similarity between the two plants in terms of shape, according to documents from 1398 and documents from 1664. , that is, after Europe discovered the delicious fruit. The two names were used during different historical periods, but it started in the English-speaking regions and colonies. Despite this, the scientific and botanical name of the plant “Ananas comosus-ananas” goes back to the Brazilian word (Rio de Janeiro) “nanas” which means “pine”, as Thevenet stated in 1555. And the word comosus was traces To describe the stem of a plant. The Spanish called the plant “Anana” (anan?) and sometimes “Pina” (pi?a,). The word “inana” means excellent fruit. Many countries, such as the Arab countries, the Netherlands, Romania, Poland, Germany, France, Italy, Sweden and Russia, still call the plant the traditional name “ananas” for a long time. The plant is called annachi pazham in Tamil and anarosh in Bengali. However, the Malays call it “nanas” or “babies”. The important thing about all this is that the Portuguese are the ones who established the name in Europe as “ananaz” inspired by “Nana” of Caribbean origin.
Like many other important fruits and vegetables, pineapple is an important material for many developing countries, especially Southeast Asia, and a major source of income, due to exports, as well as being an essential part of the mainstream food system in these countries. Thailand, China, the Philippines and Brazil are the main producers of good tropical fruits in the world. These countries alone exported 50 percent of the world’s pineapples in 2004. Nigeria, India, Mexico, Indonesia, Kenya and Costa Rica are also key countries in this regard. World pineapple production, according to the United Nations Food Organization, in 2004 reached 15 million metric tons. Thailand has always been at the top of the list of pineapple-producing countries since the 1970s, and China ranked fourth in terms of production in the late 1990s against India, which at the time produced an estimated 1.3 million metric tons. The volume of exports in the world in 2005 reached around 22 million metric tons, and Costa Rica topped the list with 41 percent of the quantities exported worldwide, double that in 2000. Also among the most important exporters there are the Philippines with about 10 percent, and the Ivory Coast and the Netherlands with 4.5 percent. percent and the United States at 3.6 percent. Although India is a major producer of pineapples, it does not export much abroad. Canned pineapple is one of the most important pineapple products exported abroad and constitutes a large percentage of its sources of income. The amount produced from canned food is increasing every year, according to the latest statistics. Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines export 72 percent of the world’s canned pineapple. More importantly, apart from its good and delicious taste, pineapple is one of the types of fruits that are very beneficial for health and body, as it contains a large amount of vitamins and minerals and a small amount of fat. Pineapple is generally prescribed for those who suffer from intestinal problems and disorders. Some believe that it helps with childbirth after pregnancy. And since the pineapple plant contains a good amount of calcium, it is useful and very strong for the bones and prevents cavities in children. Add to that manganese, which is one of the main materials in the process of building bones and some tissues. It is also said that the plant is very useful, as is the case with oranges, for the treatment of colds, flu and coughs, because it contains a large amount of vitamin C. Pineapple also helps to eliminate phlegm. The latest studies carried out by an American university indicate that this fruit is very useful for the prevention and treatment of asthma attacks and chest infections, because it contains bromelain. Some scientists and researchers from the University of Queensland in Australia were also able to discover the efficacy of bromelain (used to tenderize meat), extracted from the stem of the plant, in supporting the body’s immune system and thereby destroying dangerous cancer cells. This is why it is expected that special medicines for the treatment of cancer based on pineapple will be produced. Some people used pineapple to treat burns and trap vermin, while others used it to treat grit and stones in the kidneys, bladder, and urinary tract. This fruit is also diuretic, prevents the accumulation of fat in the arteries and helps digestion.