Some scientific sources confirm that there are as many as 7,500 types of apples in the world, and many sources indicate that there are as many as 10,000 types of apples known in the world, and perhaps more for people to continue their agricultural attempts to root new ones. varieties every day. Among these well-known types: Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Golden Delicious, McIntosh and Empire.
Apples come in different sizes and colors, such as green, yellow, pink, and dark red. And the matter applies to different tastes, since there are sweet types of apples (like Empire), and there are bitter types, sour types and types in between. Therefore, part is grown for fresh food, part is used for cooking and salads, part is used for juice, and part is used to make jam and sweets. In short, it is one of the most important types of fruit currently available and spread throughout the world, and it is highly appetizing for its well-known health benefits, especially heart protection. In any case, apples are one of the types of plants or fruits called Malus domestica, which scientifically and botanically follow the Rosaceae family, just like berries, cherries, pears, plums and other plants. There is information that apples were present in Switzerland in the Iron Age, and that the ancient Europeans during the Stone Age used apples and used to eat and dry them for the winter season. However, the origins of the sweet types we know of now can be traced back to the city of Alma-Ata in southern Kazakhstan and the mountainous regions of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and China. People of ancient civilizations knew about apples and their trees in Pharaonic Egypt and Mesopotamia, just like people in Greece knew about apples. Alexander the Macedonian brought with him from Turkey, or what was once known as Asia Minor, small apples to the country in 300 B.C. C., and for this reason, Alejandro is considered responsible for the state of small apples in the country since that time. The poet Homer says in the epic of the Iliad, that this simple and beautiful apple was behind a war in Troy, since Eris, the goddess of discord, tried to stir up dissensions and problems, for not having invited her to the wedding. of King Peleus, sending a golden apple to the throne written on it: “For the most beautiful of them.” And after the three goddesses present at the wedding: Athena, Hera and Aphrodite claimed the right to the apple, it was agreed that the Trojan prince Paris would decide the case and deliver the final verdict from him. And Paris spent, in favor of Aphrodite, who promised her the most beautiful women in the world, that is, Helen of Sparta, which caused the outbreak of what is known until now as the Trojan War, which began to recover Helen of the hands. trojans. Of course, the apple was part of the myths attributed to Hercules, Atlanta, and other Greek mythological and historical figures, whether religious, mathematical, philosophical, or political.
Of course, apples, like many types of fruit, appeared in myths, epics, and ancient religious texts. Some attribute or affirm that our teacher Adam, may God bless him, who is considered the first of the prophets and the father of humanity, ate an apple from the tree that God forbade. The Free Encyclopedia says in this context: “This is not true at all, and it was not proven that the tree from which he ate was the apple, just as it was not proven at all that our mother Eve led him.” to the tree to eat it, but that was because of the temptation of Satan, may God keep us from it.” Because of the story of our teacher Adam, which some consider a symbol of sin, people continued to symbolize apples as a “strange ” and “forbidden”, and people in Europe, who inherited apples from the Far East, used the name apple on all exotic fruits coming from abroad until the end of the 17th century.
The Scandinavians or the Norwegians in the past (followed by the English) had considered the apple a symbol of fertility in their ancient myths and legends. The apple entered Scandinavian and German literature in the second century as food for the dead. The old German “Nehalenia” deities are associated with apples, as is the case with the old Irish deities.
American and British documents say that Europeans, and possibly the Spanish, are the ones who introduced apples to North and South America, and that apples began to spread in New England in 1630. In 1796, Scotsman John Mackintosh discovered several types of apples in Canada, especially Ontario it was named after him later and remains one of the known and famous species until now (McIntosh). It is the same name that was inspired by the inventor of the “Apple Macintosh” computer.
Among the benefits of apples: Regarding the many health benefits of apples, one of the studies published by the Egyptian Agricultural Research Center says that apples are distinguished from others by the high fructose sugar content , which makes them the most suitable fruit for diabetics. . It is also the fruit that contains the most pectin in the edible part. And because it has excellent slimming properties, pectin is suitable as a natural remedy for diarrhea, whether for children or adults. Since this substance has the ability to absorb water from the intestine. The pectin in apples has the ability to absorb heavy metals that can be found in foods, especially canned foods. Therefore, eating apples protects humans from metal poisoning as it absorbs heavy metals.
Apples also contribute to stabilizing the balance between “acid” and “alkaline” (acidity and alkalinity) in the human body, since eating them helps to absorb calcium and eliminate acidity.
The apple is known as a fruit that massages the gums and cleans the teeth, which is why it is called “nature’s toothbrush”.
- Swiss authorities are said to have promised to release the Qawas, William Tal, after his arrest, on the condition that he hit an apple placed on the head of his son. From there, this phenomenon and the image was subsequently disseminated in Hollywood movies.
- Americans often celebrate a farmer named John Chapman of Leominstar, Massachusetts for apples and folklore. The story goes that Champagne, who was nicknamed “Johnny Appleseed”, meaning “Johnny’s apple seed”, became famous in the early 1800s after distributing apple seeds and seedlings to the new residents or settlers of Britain and the rest of European countries. Myths and stories say that he did it barefoot, in tattered clothes and with a tin cap on his head. As is well known, the new settlers brought with them European species to the United States, after finding only one type called Crab Apples, and they named the apples “banana winter”, which means “winter banana”.
- Historical documents indicate that US President George Washington, six months after his accession to the presidency in 1789, visited the first apple nursery in the United States in New York City. Robert Prince established the world’s first commercial nursery in 1737.
- It is known that the world, Isaac Newton, raised the theory of gravity after an apple fell from one of the trees in his garden in England. Part of the tree is still planted in the garden of the National Institute of Physics in London.
- One of the apple trees in the United States is said to have been nearly two hundred years old, between 1647 and 1866, and was located on Third Avenue before it was destroyed by a commercial bus.
- The expression “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” is an English expression used in the United States, derived from another expression that says “eating an apple before bed leads the doctor to ask for his bread”.
- Apple lovers have reached outer space, as one of the American cooking sites on the Internet says: American astronaut John Glenn, who was the first American to fly into outer space, carried applesauce with him.